Know everything about Hernia


A hernia happens when an organ forces through a tear in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For instance, the intestines may break by a weakened area in the stomach wall. Many hernias happen in the stomach between your chest and glutes, but they can also develop in the upper thigh and groin areas. Most hernias aren’t directly life-threatening, but they don’t go away on their own. Seldom they can require surgery to prevent serious complications.

In this article, Dr Samrat Jankar, who is one of the best gastroenterologist in Pune, tells about Hernia treatment. He also holds excellency in Bariatric and laparoscopic surgery. He describes to us regarding the entire approach and practice of Hernia treatment. At present, Dr Samrat Jankar practises as a Specialist at Symbiosis University Hospital and Research Centre, which is also identified as the best multi-speciality hospital in Pune. Dr Samrat Jankar gave us the entire procedure on Hernia treatment in Pune, from how it happens, what to do, and to how to prevent yourself for it. Here’s all  you need to know.

What are some Symptoms of a hernia?

The most typical symptom of a hernia is a swelling or lump in the affected area. For instance, in the state of an inguinal hernia, you may experience a lump on each side of your bone where your privates and thigh meet.

You may notice that the lump disappears when you’re lying down. You’re more likely to notice your hernia through touch when you’re standing up, leaning down, or coughing. Pain or hurt in the area around the lump may also be noticeable.

Some kinds of hernia, such as Hiatal hernias, can have more particular symptoms. These can cover things like heartburn, difficulty in swallowing, and chest pain.

In many instances, hernias have no signs. You may not know you have a hernia unless it shows up during a regular physical or a medical exam for an unrelated issue.

What are some Hernia causes?

Hernias began with a combination of muscle weakness and tension. Based on its cause, a hernia can grow quickly or over a long period of time.

Some typical causes of muscle weakness or pull that can lead to a hernia cover:

  • a congenital ailment that occurs during development in the womb and is already from birth
  • ageing
  • damage from an impairment or surgery
  • persistent coughing or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
  • vigorous exercise or lifting heavyweights
  • pregnancy, mostly having multiple pregnancies
  • illness, which causes you to twist when having a bowel movement
  • being fat or obese
  • the liquid in the abdomen, or ascites

There are also some things that can raise your risk of developing a hernia. They combine:

  • an individual or family history of hernias
  • being maturer
  • reproduction
  • being fat or obese
  • persistent constipation
  • prolonged cough (likely due to the constant increase in abdominal pressure)
  • Cest fibrosis
  • smoking (starting to weakening of connective tissue)
  • early birth or with a low birth weight

Hernia surgery

If your hernia is becoming larger or causing pain, your surgeon may determine it’s best to operate. They may fix your hernia by sewing the hole in the gastric wall closed during surgery. This is generally done by covering the hole with surgical mesh.

Hernias can be restored with both open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery uses a small camera and miniaturized operational equipment to repair the hernia doing only a few small incisions. It’s also less dangerous to the surrounding tissue.

While open surgery, the surgeon makes a cut close to the site of the hernia and then shoves the bulging tissue back into the stomach. They then stitch the area shut, seldom reinforcing it with surgical mesh. Eventually, they close the cut.

Not all hernias are fitting for laparoscopic surgery. If your hernia needs an open surgical restoration, your surgeon will work with you to decide which type of surgery is best for your situation.

Hernia prevention

You can’t always stop a hernia from developing. Seldom an existing inherited ailment or previous surgery leaves a hernia to occur.

Nevertheless, you can make some easy lifestyle adjustments to help you bypass getting a hernia. These measures aim to reduce the amount of tension you place on your body.

Here is a few common hernia prevention advice:

  • Quit smoking.
  • Consult your doctor when you’re sick to avoid catching a persistent cough.
  • Have an average body weight.
  • Try not to stretch while having a bowel movement or when urination.
  • Have enough high-fibre foods to stop constipation.
  • Do exercises that help to restore the muscles of your stomach.
  • Avoid pulling weights that are too complex for you. If you must lift something big, bend at your knees and not your waistline or back.